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10 way, How to prevent breast cancer, this is a must do!

 

breast cancer.
breast cancer. Image by waldryano from Pixabay. 





There are various ways you can do to prevent breast cancer. You can start by making changes in terms of lifestyle and doing certain health strategies.

Breast cancer may not have any cure, but this preventative measure can be done to prevent yourself from getting the disease.

Lifestyle changes for how to prevent breast cancer

The best way to prevent breast cancer is to make lifestyle changes. For starters, exercise a lot, quit smoking, avoid alcoholic beverages and follow a healthy diet.

Perform regular breast self -examination. You can also do a mammogram test as a precaution.

1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer once in a lifetime. Although there are risk factors that cannot be changed such as age and genetics, however, studies have found that lifestyle changes are still effective as a bulwark against cancer.


How to prevent breast cancer



1. Do more physical activity

Exercise is the most effective preventative measure for most diseases. Healthy individuals should exercise at least 150 minutes per week.

Exercise can help you to maintain an ideal weight. Individuals of normal weight are less at risk for cancer.

It is better if you can add exercise to increase body strength at least twice a week.





2. Abstain from alcoholic beverages

Alcoholic beverages can increase your risk of developing breast cancer. Women who drank 3 alcoholic beverages a week had a 15% higher risk of developing this cancer.

If you belong to a risk group, you are advised to stop drinking as soon as possible.

Individuals who have never consumed alcoholic beverages are also advised not to adopt this unhealthy habit. If you don’t start, you don’t have to stop.





3. Quit smoking

The practice of smoking is one of the habits that are the cause of various types of cancer. Toxins contained in a cigarette can weaken the human immune system.

This will cause the cancer cells to spread aggressively and be difficult to recover.

Women who have gone through menopause are more at risk for breast cancer if they still practice smoking. The best step you can take for your own health is to quit smoking.

No matter at what age you quit smoking, the risk of breast cancer and other cancers can be reduced.





4. Eat a low fat diet

Women who are overweight are more likely to develop breast cancer, especially if the woman is obese after menopause.

According to a study conducted by the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), women who adopt a low -fat diet after menopause have a 21% lower risk of developing breast cancer.

Eating a low -fat diet can not only reduce the risk of cancer, but also the risk of heart disease and stroke will also be reduced.

If you want to adopt a low -fat diet, try doing the Mediterranean diet. This diet focuses on eating fish, vegetables, fruits and legumes. The fats used also consist of healthy fats such as olive oil.





5. Get pregnant at a young age

According to studies, women who do not have children or become pregnant when the age is over 30 have a higher risk of developing breast cancer.

According to the study, a woman's breasts are not completely mature until the woman has her first pregnancy.

After pregnancy, a woman's breast cells will be more mature and will not give any reaction to products that contain estrogen.

Women who are exposed to the hormone estrogen over a longer period of time are found to be at greater risk for developing breast cancer.

In addition, women who have been pregnant and have given birth also have fewer menstrual cycles than women who have never been pregnant.





6. Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding mothers are less at risk for breast cancer. The longer the mother breastfeeds, the risk of cancer can also be reduced.

In addition, breastfeeding can also strengthen the relationship between mother and child, and has good health benefits for the little one.






Health care strategies as a way to prevent breast cancer




1. Know the history of cancer in the family

Women who have a close family member with cancer have a higher risk of facing the same disease situation.

The risk is doubled if you have a mother, sister or daughter with breast cancer.

If most of your family members have the same cancer, it may be due to an abnormal gene called BRCA1 or BRCA2 that puts you at greater risk for breast cancer.

But, even if your sister or mother has breast cancer, that doesn’t mean you will also have the same disease.

As a measure to lower the risk of this cancer, do more frequent screening tests.

Have a self-examination once a month, a breast examination by a doctor at least once a year and a mammogram every year after you are over 40 years old.

There are women who choose to have protective surgery (protective/prophylactic surgery).

This surgery is very invasive and irreversible. However, this surgery can reduce the risk of cancer by up to 97%.

Women who choose to have this surgery will remove both sides of the breast.

However, the situation of each woman is different. Before making any drastic decisions, make sure you first think about the good and bad of the procedure and its impact on your daily life.




2. Avoid taking hormone replacement therapy (hormone replacement therapy)

Hormone replacement therapy or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a type of therapy done to reduce the symptoms that occur due to menopause.

However, HRT intake has been found to increase a woman's risk of developing breast cancer as well as ovarian cancer.

Women who take this therapy are also more at risk for cardiovascular diseases such as blood clots.

Studies have found that women who take hormone replacement therapy for more than a year have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. The longer the therapy, the higher the risk to be faced.

Even if the woman stops taking HRT, the risk of cancer remains the same and will not decrease.

If the woman takes the hormones estrogen and progesterone, the risk of cancer is higher than women who take the hormones estrogen alone or progesterone alone.




3. Do a breast exam once a month

While a breast exam may not lower your risk of developing breast cancer, this activity can help detect any abnormal lumps on the breast.

Early detection of cancer is very important because treatment is very effective if it is done when the cancer has not yet spread.

The best time to do an examination is on the 3rd to 5th day after menstruation. Self -examination is better if done on the same day each month.

Women who regularly do breast examinations know more about the condition of their own breasts. Therefore, they are more sensitive to any changes that occur.




4. Perform a mammogram

Just like a self -examination, a mammogram test cannot prevent you from developing breast cancer.

However, mammogram tests can detect lumps when they are still not felt on the surface of the skin.

Women over the age of 40 are advised to have a mammogram once in 2 years.





Conclusion

The preventative measures outlined above are not 100% effective in preventing cancer.

However, how to prevent breast cancer can reduce the risk of developing the disease.

In addition, preventative measures such as doing a self -examination and getting a mammogram test can help you make an early detection.

It is very important in helping the effectiveness of drugs or breast cancer treatment.

You can also contact your doctor for more information. Your doctor can suggest how often you should do screening tests based on your health history.

Do not remain silent if you feel any physical changes in the breasts. Put the embarrassment aside and quickly see a doctor for an examination.

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